```
#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
// An AVL tree node
struct Node
{
int key;
struct Node *left;
struct Node *right;
int height;
};
// A utility function to get maximum of two integers
int max(int a, int b);
// A utility function to get height of the tree
int height(struct Node *N)
{
if (N == NULL)
return 0;
return N->height;
}
// A utility function to get maximum of two integers
int max(int a, int b)
{
return (a > b)? a : b;
}
/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the given key and
NULL left and right pointers. */
struct Node* newNode(int key)
{
struct Node* node = (struct Node*)
malloc(sizeof(struct Node));
node->key = key;
node->left = NULL;
node->right = NULL;
node->height = 1; // new node is initially added at leaf
return(node);
}
// A utility function to right rotate subtree rooted with y
// See the diagram given above.
struct Node *rightRotate(struct Node *y)
{
struct Node *x = y->left;
struct Node *T2 = x->right;
// Perform rotation
x->right = y;
y->left = T2;
// Update heights
y->height = max(height(y->left), height(y->right))+1;
x->height = max(height(x->left), height(x->right))+1;
// Return new root
return x;
}
// A utility function to left rotate subtree rooted with x
// See the diagram given above.
struct Node *leftRotate(struct Node *x)
{
struct Node *y = x->right;
struct Node *T2 = y->left;
// Perform rotation
y->left = x;
x->right = T2;
// Update heights
x->height = max(height(x->left), height(x->right))+1;
y->height = max(height(y->left), height(y->right))+1;
// Return new root
return y;
}
// Get Balance factor of node N
int getBalance(struct Node *N)
{
if (N == NULL)
return 0;
return height(N->left) - height(N->right);
}
struct Node* insert(struct Node* node, int key)
{
/* 1. Perform the normal BST rotation */
if (node == NULL)
return(newNode(key));
if (key < node->key)
node->left = insert(node->left, key);
else if (key > node->key)
node->right = insert(node->right, key);
else // Equal keys not allowed
return node;
/* 2. Update height of this ancestor node */
node->height = 1 + max(height(node->left),
height(node->right));
/* 3. Get the balance factor of this ancestor
node to check whether this node became
unbalanced */
int balance = getBalance(node);
// If this node becomes unbalanced, then there are 4 cases
// Left Left Case
if (balance > 1 && key < node->left->key)
return rightRotate(node);
// Right Right Case
if (balance < -1 && key > node->right->key)
return leftRotate(node);
// Left Right Case
if (balance > 1 && key > node->left->key)
{
node->left = leftRotate(node->left);
return rightRotate(node);
}
// Right Left Case
if (balance < -1 && key < node->right->key)
{
node->right = rightRotate(node->right);
return leftRotate(node);
}
/* return the (unchanged) node pointer */
return node;
}
void preOrder(struct Node *root)
{
if(root != NULL)
{
printf("%d ", root->key);
preOrder(root->left);
preOrder(root->right);
}
}
```

Ok, its a huge code. I have a situation in function insertion, actually she works very well but I wanted create a new function, whose name is insert_AVL, and she must have 3 lines of codes, calling two functions.

so

```
insert_AVL(Struct Node* node, int key) {
insert_binary(Struct Node* node, int key);
balance(node);
return node
}
insert_binary(Struct Node* node, int key) {
if (node == NULL)
return(newNode(key));
if (key < node->key)
node->left = insert(node->left, key);
else if (key > node->key)
node->right = insert(node->right, key);
else // Equal keys not allowed
return node;
}
balance(Struct Node* node) {
node->height = 1 + max(height(node->left),
height(node->right));
int balance = getBalance(node);
if (balance > 1 && key < node->left->key)
return rightRotate(node);
if (balance < -1 && key > node->right->key)
return leftRotate(node);
if (balance > 1 && key > node->left->key)
{
node->left = leftRotate(node->left);
return rightRotate(node);
}
if (balance < -1 && key < node->right->key)
{
node->right = rightRotate(node->right);
return leftRotate(node);
}
}
```

But if I did it, the output will be wrong:

```
int main() {
struct Node *root = NULL;
root = insert(root, 9);
root = insert(root, 5);
root = insert(root, 10);
root = insert(root, 0);
root = insert(root, 6);
root = insert(root, 11);
root = insert(root, -1);
root = insert(root, 1);
root = insert(root, 2);
preOrder(root);
}
```

Right output: 9 1 0 -1 5 2 6 10 11

I believe this is a logic problem, the height of tree is not updating and a don't see where.
This is a AVL tree. Thanks if you help me.