quering data from a table are missing

$items = '';
$sql = "select items from bplus where pos = 'home-01' limit 1";
$st = $db->query($sql);
$res = $st->fetchColumn();
$arr = explode("\n", $res);
foreach ($arr as $el){
//echo $el . "<br>"; // as a test - it's ok - four images.      
$sqlb = "select * from banners where fname = '" . $el . "'";
    $stb = $db->query($sqlb);
    $row = $stb->fetch();
    $items .= "<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/" . $el . "' alt='img' data-id = " . $row['id'] . " data-fname = '" . $row['fname'] . "' data-w = " . $row['width'] . " data-h = " . $row['height'] . ">\n"; 
echo $items;

final result:

<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/5ad461206f52e.jpg
' alt='img' data-id =  data-fname = '' data-w =  data-h = >
<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/5ad461206f916.jpg
' alt='img' data-id =  data-fname = '' data-w =  data-h = >
<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/5ad461206fcff.jpg
' alt='img' data-id =  data-fname = '' data-w =  data-h = >
<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/5ad461207d7c2.jpg' alt='img' data-id = 29 data-fname = '5ad461207d7c2.jpg' data-w = 320 data-h = 50>

Why are the first three images without any data?
In the table all images has its data.

2 answers

  • answered 2018-04-17 05:31 ArtisticPhoenix

    You need to check the results of your inner query

    $sqlb = "select * from banners where fname = '" . $el . "'";
    $stb = $db->query($sqlb);
    $row = $stb->fetch();
    if(!$row) throw new Exception("missing row [$el]");
    $items .= "<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/" . $el . "' alt='img' data-id = " . $row['id'] . " data-fname = '" . $row['fname'] . "' data-w = " . $row['width'] . " data-h = " . $row['height'] . ">\n"; 

    For the items I would add this (outside the loop)

    $createData = function($k, $v){
        return 'data-'.$k.'="'.$v.'"';

    Then in the loop after checking row

    if(!$row) throw new Exception("missing row $el");
    $data = implode(' ',array_map($createData, array_keys($row), $row)); 
    $items .= '<img class="itemtop" src="../banners/'.$el.'" alt="img" '.$data.' >'.PHP_EOL; 

    This way it dynamically creates the data- based of what's in the query, then if you change "stuff" it is less code to maintain.

    You can test it here


    One last thing is you can rename the columns in the query if they don't match, for example say in the DB the w is actually width then you can rename it like this

    $sqlb = "select width AS w, first AS fname from banners ....;

    And so on, I mention it because latter if you add a column to the data you only need to change the query and your all set, you don't have to change how the HTML is built, but that is up to you. It's just how I would do it.


    The bigger issue here is you Database model is not really correct, which gives rise to this issue an other complications.

    Basically you have a many to relationship between the two tables and you are severely limiting what you can do by not molding the data correctly. Currently you have

    //table bplus 
    //table banners

    Don't worry about the numbers the actual data in there is pretty much irrelevant.

    What you need is something like this

    //table bplus 
     //other fields
    //table banners
    fname bplus_id
    1       1
    2       1
    3       1
    4       1 

    Honestly I would need more information about the database to really help more. But I suggest looking into Many to One relationships. As you can eliminate continuously calling the DB inside the loop, which can get expensive, and probably simplify a lot of things.

  • answered 2018-04-17 05:31 B. Desai

    It looks like your $el variable contains spaces which cause the issue. So trim this data then get data from db

    $sqlb = "select * from banners where fname = '" . trim($el) . "'";
        $stb = $db->query($sqlb);
        $row = $stb->fetch();
        $items .= "<img class='itemtop' src = '../banners/" . $el . "' alt='img' data-id = " . $row['id'] . " data-fname = '" . $row['fname'] . "' data-w = " . $row['width'] . " data-h = " . $row['height'] . ">\n"; 
    echo $items;

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